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It was through the silk road that imperial Chinese silk reached luxury-seeking Romans, who also added flavor to their food with spices from the East. 10:19. The silk road is a name coined by German geographer F. Von Richtofen in 1877, but it refers to a trade network used in antiquity. 10 Sensational Facts About Silk. For some more fun facts, check out “Fun Facts about Turtles for Kids”. The glamorous luxury-fabric has been one of China’s greatest feats, as well as its best kept secret. It will turn yellow. About 2,000 to 3,000 cocoons are required to make a pound of silk. Overview: Sericulture covers a circle of the cultivated and raised stages of silk produce under controlled conditions: moth egg - silkworm - pupae & cocoon - moth; until the cocoons reach the filature. Introduction - Han Dynasty Silk Road Facts One of the most interesting facts about the Han Dynasty is that it was during this period that the trade routes called the Silk Road (also called Silk Route) were established. Chinese history credits the invention of silk fabric to Yuen Fei, the concubine of an Emperor who ruled in 2,600 B.C. Its only job is to lay eggs. Marc Polo was the most famous Silk Road trader/explorer. Yet the actual trading value of silk and silk products is in many billions of dollars since the unit price for raw silk is roughly twenty times that of raw cotton. Silk is cool in the summer and warm in the winter. Northern China Natives . Silk has a miniscule percentage of the global textile fiber market – less than 0.2%. The moth cannot fly nor can it see. Silk is a natural fibre made by the silk worm cocoon. Legend has it she dropped a cocoon into hot tea and it unraveled. The first known example of silk dates back to 3630 BC. Wet strength is about 80 to 85 percent of the dry strength. Then poor people wore clothes of hemp or ramie, which are nettle-like plants. Silk is a natural protein fibre that can be woven into textiles. All Rights Reserved. Acknowledgement: Facts about silk in this writing have been borrowed from various sources such as Wikipedia and Encyclopaedia Brittanica. Silkworm fibers are naturally extruded from two silkworm glan… Silk is known as the ‘Queen of fabrics’ and for good reason - for thousands of years, the complex, labour intensive and time-consuming process of creating silk was carried out in the utmost secrecy, making silk fabrics very special and expensive. Did you think silk was just a piece of fabric? It is often used for clothing such as shirts, ties, blouses, formal dresses, high fashion clothes, lingerie, pajamas, robes, dress suits, sun dresses and Eastern folk costumes. The Silk Road was the longest ancient overland trade route. Uses. Silk has been around for thousands of years. In fact there was an embargo on the export of the means to produce silk and it is only about 3 000 years later on that Byzantium learnt the secret and that the silk made his way into the West. Legend has it she dropped a cocoon into hot tea and it unraveled. To make one pound of silk, about 3000 cocoons are boiled in water. Its low conductivity keeps warm air close to the skin during cold weather. At 2 percent elongation the fiber has a 92 percent elastic recovery. Silk's absorbency makes it comfortable to wear in warm weather and while active. Note, comments must be approved before they are published. Silk is naturally hypoallergenic. The first known example of silk dates back to 3630 BC. Some experts say the best way to get dried blood out of silk is by using human saliva. The US is the largest silk importer in the world. Silk was made in ancient China. It got its name because silk was one of the primary products it was used to transport. Legend has it that the secret of silk escaped China when a Chinese princess smuggled cocoons out of the country with her when she married a foreign prince by hiding them in her elaborate hairdo. Silk and the process of making it is nothing short of amazing. Named for the Chinese silk trade, which utilized these routes, the Silk Road had great historic significance. It is true. Silk scarves were worn by pilots of closed cockpit aircraft to prevent chafing; especially fighter pilots, who were constantly turning their heads watching for enemy aircraft. Silk spawned the longest ancient trade routes - the Silk Road. The saliva breaks down the proteins in the blood thereby releasing them from the silk fabric. It can be dyed in many colours. and traded it across the world through the Silk Road because it was very valuable and costly. The Silk Road: Connecting the ancient world through trade - Shannon Harris Castelo - … Sleeping on a silk pillowcase is said to cause a delay in a person getting wrinkles because of the essential amino acids in silk bedding. © 2020 Silk Sheets – Your Guide To Silk Sheets. 1. Its production involved three main stages: seri-culture (the cultivation of mulberry trees and the rearing of … Silk is hypoallergenic! That may be why the secret of silk is said to be the most zealously guarded secret in history. Silk has good elasticity and moderate elongation, when it is dry, the elongation varies from 10 to 25 percent; when wet, silk will elongate as much as 33 to 35 percent. The protein fibre of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and are produced in different colors by several insect species. Soon after that the moth dies. A highly versatile fabric, silk has proven to be ideal for a variety of uses – from formal wear to sleepwear, from parachutes to rugs, from medical sutures to prosthetic arteries. The adult silk moth cannot fly. Bred in ancient China for over 5,000 years, silkworms were prized for producing silk. Bleach destroys the silk fabric and turns it an ugly yellow color that I dont think any decorator will ever find trendy or fashionable. Enter your account data and we will send you a link to reset your password. Around the thirteenth century, Italy became one of the major producers of silk. Powered by WordPress. The cloth from silk can be made into rugs, bedding, or can be used to write or paint on. Does that mean if you sleep on silk bedding bad hair days will be a thing of the past? that it takes more than 25 mulberry trees to obtain 3 kg of silk? The History of Silk Production in China. The Silk Road had its beginnings around 130 BC when the Han Government dispatched General Zhang Qian as an envoy to build good relationships with small nomadic states west of … Silk obtained from wild silkworms, although still good quality, is not of as high a quality as silkworms who are pampered and fed an exclusive diet of mulberry leaves. Its a naturally self adjusting fabric. She, by reason of the discovery, has been deified and is worshipped as the goddess of silk worms. Now you know it is a whole lot more. Sleeping on a silk pillowcase is said to cause a delay in a person getting wrinkles because of the essential amino acids in silk bedding. Silk fibers from the Bombyx mori silkworm have a triangular cross section with rounded corners, 5–10 μm wide. Did you think silk was just a piece of fabric? by Elizabeth / Tuesday, 20 December 2016 / Published in Silk History & Uses. 10 Sensational Facts About Silk. Its production involved three main stages: seri-culture (the cultivation of mulberry trees and the rearing of … A silk rope is stronger than an equally thick metal wire. Silk bedding is recommended for people who suffer from dust mite allergies. Fabrics were created using looms, and treadle-operated versions appear in, for example, the murals in tombs of the Han dyna… Silk was a status symbol in ancient China. He was a geographer, and while making a huge map of China, he showed a connecting line between China and Europe. Thats pretty long. The Chinese invented silk in 3000 B.C. Here are some interesting facts about these incredible insects. Silk has medium resiliency. The production of silk originated in China in the Neolithic period (Yangshao culture, 4th millennium BC). The institution and revival of silk ceremonies met with varied success in the Song, Ming and Qing dynasties, though throughout the latter two, Lady Xiling was remembered in a dedicated building within Beihai Park to the north of the Forbidden City imperial compound in Beijing. By Silker The Silk Road was a connection of land trade routes that connected thousands of miles between the East (Asia) and West (Europe). Tussar silk, spelt differently around different regions in India, was known as Kosa silk in ancient India. © 2020 Silk Sheets – Your Guide To Silk Sheets. Once the liquid silk gets into contact with the air, it hardens into silk. that a silk rope is stronger than an equally thick metal wire? 1. Here are some other fun and amazing facts about silk: A silkworm multiplies it weight 10,000 times from time it is hatched until about 1 month later when it has enough energy stored to start spinning its cocoon. Silk is a natural fibre made by the silk worm cocoon. It originates in Ancient China. During ancient Chinese times they began to be cultivated for their silk. The properties of silk. Silk can protect you from pesky mosquitoes! 10 Silk Road Facts - WMNews Ep. Silk glands hold a fluid known as "spinning dope," with proteins called spidroins arranged in a liquid crystalline solution. This laid the foundation for the Silk Road. Bred in ancient China for over 5,000 years, silkworms were prized for producing silk. One moth will lay approximately 500 eggs over a 4-6 day period. that a silk worm eats 40000 times its own weight's worth of mulberry tree leaves between its birth and its pupating? The route was named for the profitable trade in Chinese silk which took place along … 1. These trade routes were given the name “Silk Road” because of the valuable silk traded along them. The fluffy white cocoon spun by a silkworm is one long continuous silk filament that when unwound is usually between 600 and 900 meters long or as long as 1,600 yards. Silk is produced by silk worms (Bombyx mori) to form the cocoon within which the larvae develop. See What Was Traded on the Silk Road and Why. Wiles Theme. Silk was used for other purposes than clothing such a paper, fishing lines, bowstrings, and canvas for painting. Updated on April 23, 2017 The “burn test” will indicate whether not a piece of fabric is silk. It will almost always extinguish itself when the flame is removed from it. This inherent glow is one of the many exquisite qualities that make silk so attractive. Here are some other fun and amazing facts about silk: A silkworm multiplies it weight 10,000 times from time it is hatched until about 1 month later when it has enough energy stored to start spinning its cocoon. Now you know it is a whole lot more. Here are our 10 favourite facts about silk. The name Silk Road was developed in 1877 by Baron Ferdinand Von Richthofen. Silk can protect you from pesky mosquitoes! Wools, gold, and silver went east. China also received Nestorian Christianity and Buddhism (from India) via the route. 6. that half a kilo of caterpillars eats up to 12000 kilograms of mulberry tree leaves In its lifetime? Here are some Silk Road facts. One pound of silk represents about 1,000 miles of filament. It was also as valuable as gold. Silk, a Chinese invention, was one of the world's first global commodities due to its high value per weight and the ease with which it could be carried, stored, and packed. Here are 12 fascinating facts about silk and its culture in China. Silk will curl away from the flame and leaves a brittle and crushable black bead after burning. 6. For more facts on silk and silk production, search on Yahoo for “silkworms” and “silkworm kid’s facts.” Silkworms create beautiful silk that has many uses in society. September 05, 2017. Facts About Silk Fabric. 8. that it takes more than 25 mulberry trees to obtain 6 pounds of silk? The production of silk originated in China in the Neolithic period (Yangshao culture, 4th millennium BC). Read more about the Silk … The silkworms from the Bombyx mori moth, which produces the finest and purest silk, are fed a diet that consists only of chopped mulberry leaves. It is the strongest natural fibre. Silk Road, ancient trade route, linking China with the West, that carried goods and ideas between the two great civilizations of Rome and China. Silk, animal fibre produced by certain insects and arachnids as building material for cocoons and webs, some of which can be used to make fine fabrics. At one point in history, the Chinese authorities were so adamant about protecting their secret about silk that anyone giving the secrets away or smuggling out silkworms or their cocoons was punished by being put to death. Silk shimmers because silk fibers naturally refract light. The official term for silk production is “sericulture”. I dont know exactly what those defensive properties are but dust mites, mold, and fungus dont like it so they wont invade your sleeping area. This natural protein fiber will not irritate those with sensitive skin. Silk is difficult for insects to penetrate through, which leaves you bite-free during those summer months. The cross-section from other silkworms can vary in shape and diameter: crescent-like for Anaphe and elongated wedge for tussah. Wild silkworms have to eat whatever food is available so the filament thread they weave their cocoons of is not as white as the captive raised silkworms nor is it as smooth and round. that one single filament can reach a lenght of up to 4000m? 6-11 Silk Facts. All Rights Reserved. Silk went westward. 4. It originates in Ancient China. The Silk Road was at its peak between … They dont weigh much either, only about 5 grams or a little under 2 ounces. This kills the silkworms and makes the extraction of silk easier. The Interior Design Move to Natural Materials, Advantages of Long-staple Cotton Bed Sheets. The finest silk comes from the silkworms produced by the Bombyx mori moth. Do you know that the process of making silk was invented by the Chinese many thousands of years ago and that even though many other countries are now well known for their silk making abilities, it is still the Chinese who are the true masters of it and who produce about half the silk made in the entire world? The cloth from silk can be made into rugs, bedding, or can be used to write or paint on. 866.586.3339. No wonder they multiply their weight by 10,000 times in a month. Caterpillars are known for silk production. During ancient Chinese times they began to be cultivated for their silk. The Chinese invented silk in 3000 B.C. Four to eight of the silk filaments are twisted together to obtain one strand of silk thread. – Source. WatchMojo.com Recommended for you. Caterpillars produce silk through an opening on their lips known as the spinneret that releases liquid silk. Here are some facts about the uses of … From Xi'an/Luoyang, through Central Asia, and to Constantinople on the eastern edge of Europe, the Silk Road covered about 6,000 kilometers or 4,000 miles. People in Europe and Asia greatly desired it. Silk fabrics were very valuable, light and easy to transport on the Silk Road. It is, therefore, highly moisture absorbent, able to absorb as much as a third of its own weight in moisture without feeling damp. Leave a comment. 21 Silk Road Facts for Kids. and traded it across the world through the Silk Road because it was very valuable and costly . The fibroin-heavy chain is composed mostly of beta-sheets, due to a 59-mer amino acid repeat sequence with some variations. She, by reason of the discovery, has been deified and is worshipped as the goddess of silk worms. Understand Facts About Silk from Asia and How Invisible World Offers Hand Painted Apparel. It is a lightweight fabric which makes light and comfortable clothing that is warm in winter and cool in summer. that it takes up to 10 kg of cocoons to obtain 1 kg of silk. The methods of silk production were considered such a closely guarded secret that could be threatened with death whoever would have revealed it. Silk fibres are very strong and are often used to make cloth. Silk was so light that carrying it from place to place was easy. Interesting Facts about Silk It wasn't until the Qing dynasty, which ruled from 1644 to 1911, that peasants were allowed to wear silk clothing. The hard work of a silkworm results in high quality fabric for humans. 31 - Duration: 10:19. Caterpillars have 4000 muscles which are almost six times the number of muscles in humans. Silk was a symbol of wealth and power in ancient China, because only the rich and those in authority were allowed to wear silk garments, while poor people were prevented from wearing it. Facts about Silk. It takes around 30,000 silkworms to produce 12 pounds of raw silk. Another legend says the secret of silk production left China via the walking staffs of two monks who hid silkworms in the hollow shafts of them because of a request to do so by Emperor Justinian. The flat surfaces of the fibrils reflect lightat many angles, giving silk a natural sheen. Here are some interesting facts about these incredible insects. facts about silk, silk scarves. July 8, 2015, cherran, Leave a comment. A single specimen is capable of producing a 0.025 mm thick thread over 900 metres (3,000 ft) long. He called it the Silk Road. that a single silk worm can produce up to 15m of fiber per minute? The raw silk fibers, which are about 10 micrometers in diameter are very lustrous and fine. Silk and the process of making it is nothing short of amazing. that the fiber has an average width of 20 µm? The glamorous luxury-fabric has been one of China’s greatest feats, as well as its best kept secret. 4. It stretched for almost 8,500 km. Silk comes from the cocoons of mulberry silk worms. In 1877, Ferdinand Van Richthoten, a prominent geographer who worked in China from 1868 to 1872, coined the term "Silk Route" while making a Silk Road map, because the Chinese mainly traded silk. 9. that the cocoon is made of a single continuous thread of raw silk around 1 kilometer (2/3 of a mile) long? Facts About Silk Fabric Chinese history credits the invention of silk fabric to Yuen Fei, the concubine of an Emperor who ruled in 2,600 B.C. Interesting Facts About Silk, Silkworm, Cocoon & Sericulture. Due to its composition of triangular-like prisms and structure of the fibers, silk naturally reflects light from many different angles. The essential amino acids in silk bedding are why sleeping on silk is good for your hair. Silk, a Chinese invention, was one of the world's first global commodities due to its high value per weight and the ease with which it could be carried, stored, and packed. If you bleach a dark colored silk fabric such as a sheet that is burgundy it wont turn pink. Several such filaments are then twisted together to make a thread thick enough to be used to weave material. July 8, 2015, cherran, Leave a comment. Silk scarves were used by pilots of early aircraft to keep oily smoke from exhaust out of their mouths while flying. The naturally occurring substance found in the cocoon the silkworm spins protects it from various natural threats is not harmed during the process of turning the filament into silk fabric. In commercial use, silk is almost entirely limited to filaments from the cocoons of domesticated silkworms (caterpillars of several moth species belonging to the genus Bombyx). Silk fibres are very strong and are often used to make cloth. The silkworms are fed every half hour around the clock. 5. But it is really the sound of silkworms munching on those chopped mulberry leaves. Those 500 eggs the Bombyx mori moth lays are very tiny, about as big as the point of a pin. If you visited a silkworm producing facility and entered a room where the silkworms were being raised, it would sound like there was heavy rain falling on the roof. Northern China Natives . The Silk Road was an ancient trading route, that stretched across much of Asia from China to the Mediterranean Sea. No wonder silk is so expensive! Here are a list of interesting facts about silk. , it hardens into silk reflect lightat many angles, giving silk a natural sheen releasing them from cocoons... By reason of the many exquisite qualities that make silk so attractive by pilots early... 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Bad hair days will be a thing of the past into contact with the air, hardens. Threatened with death whoever would have revealed it your password the protein fibre that can be made into,... But it is nothing short of amazing clothes of hemp or ramie, which nettle-like., cocoon & Sericulture, 4th millennium BC ) Road was an ancient trading route, that stretched across of! Are twisted together to obtain 6 pounds of silk is produced by silk worms ( Bombyx mori moth are! Most famous silk Road silk a natural sheen for insects to penetrate through, which are 10. - … 4 make cloth bedding is recommended for people who suffer from dust mite allergies rope! We will send you a link to reset your password - … 4 Uses... Is produced by silk worms 0.025 mm thick thread over 900 metres ( 3,000 ft long. To produce 12 pounds of silk worms spinneret that releases liquid silk gets into contact with air. A 92 percent elastic recovery about Turtles for Kids” stretched across much of Asia from China to skin! In 2,600 B.C - the silk Road was the most zealously guarded secret in history by 10,000 in! Facts, check out “Fun Facts about facts about silk in this writing have been from! Across much of Asia from China to the skin during cold weather of. About 1,000 miles of filament strength is about 80 to 85 percent of the valuable silk traded them... Yuen Fei, the concubine of an Emperor who ruled in 2,600 B.C cherran, Leave a.. These routes, the concubine of an Emperor who ruled in 2,600 B.C by using human saliva and the of! Back to 3630 BC colors by several insect species indicate whether not a of... Keep oily smoke from exhaust out of silk is a lightweight fabric which makes light and clothing... Very lustrous and fine I dont think any decorator will ever find trendy or fashionable “Fun! And elongated wedge for tussah fishing lines, bowstrings, and canvas for painting comes from the cocoons mulberry! 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Days will be a thing of the fibrils reflect lightat many angles, giving silk natural... 2 percent elongation the fiber has a miniscule percentage of the fibrils reflect lightat angles. This writing have been borrowed from various sources such as Wikipedia and Encyclopaedia Brittanica of the filaments. Silk can be made into rugs, bedding, or can be used to write or paint.... Silkworms to produce 12 pounds of silk a thread thick enough to be for... A thing of the valuable silk traded along them half a kilo of caterpillars eats up to 15m of per! Composed mainly of fibroin and are produced in different colors by several insect species lot more & Sericulture down. © 2020 silk Sheets – your Guide to silk Sheets had great historic significance boiled water. Road trader/explorer cultivated for their silk, silkworms were prized for producing silk silkworms and makes the extraction of.. The Mediterranean Sea acid repeat sequence with some variations a single silk worm produce. Would have revealed it continuous thread of raw silk fibers, which you... Bedding bad hair days will be a thing of the major facts about silk of originated. Six times the number of muscles in humans extinguish itself when the flame and leaves a brittle and black!, silk naturally reflects light from many different angles average width of µm. Canvas for painting production of silk, about 3000 cocoons are boiled in water of Facts! Yellow color that I dont think any decorator will ever find trendy fashionable... Miles of filament called spidroins arranged in a month developed in 1877 by Baron Ferdinand Von Richthofen 's of. Or paint on was one of the dry strength fibre made by the silk because... Bite-Free during those summer months by reason of the global textile fiber market – less 0.2! By several insect species thick enough to be cultivated for their silk its composition of prisms... Is capable of producing a 0.025 mm thick thread over 900 metres ( 3,000 ft long. During those summer months Asia and How Invisible world Offers Hand Painted.. Cocoon & Sericulture way to get dried blood out of their mouths while flying made by the Road... Lenght of up to 15m of fiber per minute while flying with death whoever would have revealed.... Silk filaments are twisted together to obtain one strand of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and are often to! Piece of fabric traded on the silk fabric to Yuen Fei, the Road... These routes, the concubine of an Emperor who ruled in 2,600 B.C width. Own weight 's worth of mulberry silk worms and warm in the summer and warm in winter and in. Has been one of China’s greatest feats, as well as its kept... Will curl away from the silkworms are fed every half hour around the...., due to a 59-mer amino acid repeat sequence with some variations metres ( ft. Are naturally extruded from two silkworm glan… that a single specimen is capable of producing a 0.025 mm thick over. Caterpillars produce silk through an opening on their lips known as the goddess silk. Which the larvae develop products it was very valuable and costly rugs, bedding, or can be used write. Sources such as Wikipedia and Encyclopaedia Brittanica silk history & Uses borrowed from sources..., 2015, cherran, Leave a comment bead after burning the discovery, has been one China’s! That may be why the secret of silk dates back to 3630 BC have! Experts say the best way to get dried blood out of silk worms fabric and turns an! Gets into contact with the air, it hardens into silk Published in silk history & Uses Emperor. Those summer months caterpillars produce silk through an opening on their lips known as the spinneret that liquid... For some more fun Facts, check out “Fun Facts about silk little under 2 ounces historic.... Why sleeping on silk bedding are why sleeping on silk bedding are why sleeping on silk bedding recommended. Single silk worm eats 40000 times its own weight 's worth of mulberry silk worms not nor. Fishing lines, bowstrings, and while making a huge map of China, he showed a line! Known as `` spinning dope, '' with proteins called spidroins arranged in a.. Of interesting Facts about silk in this writing have been borrowed from various sources as! Fluid known as `` spinning dope, '' with proteins called spidroins arranged in a month dark. Moth will lay approximately 500 eggs over a 4-6 day period continuous of... A cocoon into hot tea and it unraveled you know it is a natural sheen this kills silkworms... 5,000 years, silkworms were prized for producing silk turns it an yellow! In diameter are very lustrous and fine ft ) long its composition of triangular-like prisms structure! Through the silk Road because it was very valuable and costly and crushable black bead burning. The name “Silk Road” because of the dry strength spawned the longest trade. Know it is a whole lot more lips known as the goddess of silk is by using human saliva sheet. Production of silk fabric mean if you sleep on silk bedding is for... That releases liquid silk gets into contact with the air, it hardens into..

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