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We have already mentioned the most important causes for the beginning of the Great Awakening; there were significantly fewer church attendances throughout the country, many people were also bored and unsatisfied with the way the sermons were conducted, and they criticized the lack of enthusiasm from their preachers. Definitions of the term and assessments of the causes, contours, and effects of the Awakening are in dispute, but a number of basic features are generally agreed upon. Updated December 10, 2019 The Second Great Awakening (1790–1840) was a time of evangelical fervor and revival in the newly formed nation of America. Key Terms Methodists : A movement of Protestant Christianity represented by a number of denominations and organizations, claiming a total of approximately 70 million adherents worldwide; the movement traces its roots to John Wesley’s evangelistic revival movement within Anglicanism. William Lloyd Garrison Garrison wanted immediate emancipation for all slaves and felt that the constitution was a pro slavery document. Many people in the U.S. were convinced to more actively dedicate their lives to God and to live in a godly manner. The Second Great Awakening as an Organizing Process. The following day, two circuit-riding Methodist ministers arrived and emotionally exhorted the crowd. A) The rise of democratic and individualistic beliefs, a response to rationalism, and changes to society caused by the market revolution, along with greater social and geographical mobility, contributed to a Second Great Awakening among Protestants that influenced moral and social reforms and inspired utopian and other religious movements. What role did the second great awakening have in forming American Nationalism in the 19th century? The Second Great Awakening. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. As our book mentions, the Second Great Awakening was “one of the most momentous episodes in the history of American religious. ...The Second Great Awakening was a revival movement that had occurred in the 1730s with the goal of creating a Protestant creed that would maintain the idea of Christian community in a period of rapid individualism and competition. The second Great Awakening was a Protestant revival movement in the United States during the 19th Century. McGready was a stirring preacher and under his ministry an extensive awakening spread over north—central North Carolina after 1791. Most of the religious revivals in the West occurred as camp meetings and also served as social gatherings with the opportunity to trade. A desire to reform the … I'm writing a paper, and I don't know much about... What is the significance of Charles Grandison Finney? This Second Great Awakening, a reprise of the Great Awakening of the early 18th century, was marked by an emphasis on personal piety over schooling and theology. The Second Great Awakening transformed American religion and society in a number of ways and can be traced to a number of interrelated causes. The Second Great Awakening gained much interest by its support of important theological themes such as salvation and the church’s role in society. The Second Great Awakening & Reforms From the 2015 and 2017 Revised Framework: Causation Students will be able to… Describe causes or effects of a specific historical development or process. It led to frequent economic busts and booms, and even posed a challenge to the structures of families. It arose in several places and in several active forms. The Second Great Awakening, which spread religion through revivals and emotional preaching, sparked a number of reform movements. The Second Great Awakening began in 1800, t. ave rise to the popular camp meeting, a chance for isolated frontier folk to gather and enjoy the excitement of evangelistic fervor. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Effects of the Second Great Awakening? Top subjects are Literature, History, and Social Sciences. The camp-meetings featured zealous preachers who applied Christian teaching to the resolution of the social problems of the day. Other religions were put to rest. The Second Great Awakening led to a period of antebellum social reform an… The Second Great Awakening laid the foundations of the development of present-day religious beliefs and establishments, moral views, and democratic ideals in the United States. http://www.teachushistory.org/second-great-awakening-age-... How was the American reform movement influenced by religious beliefs? Pulled away from rituals and made Christianity personal to the average person, by encouraging a commitment to new standards of personal morality. The Second Great Awakening was extremely important as it led to the establishment of reform movements to address injustices and alleviate suffering such as the Temperance Movement, the Women's suffrage Movement and the Abolitionist Movement in which people advocated for emancipation on religious grounds. It also established the Church of England as the reigning church of the country. In 1790 the doctor Benjamin Rush published An Inquiry Into the Effects of Ardent Spirits Upon the Human Body and Mind in which he argued that alcohol causes physical and mental damage. Resulted from powerful preaching that gave the listeners an impression of wide intimate epiphany of their needs of salvation by Jesus Christ. In northern New England, social activism took precedence; in western New York, the movement encouraged the growth of new denominations. Abolition, temperance, access to education, marriage equality, voting rights, and prison reform all became issues of social improvement brought on by a belief in equality before god and individual control over salvation through good works as was laid out in the 2 nd Great Awakening. Still others, like the followers of Joseph Smith, the founder of Mormonism, turned to a faith that emphasized what they perceived as traditional values of patriarchalism and order. The Great Camp Meetings. The Market Revolution changed the way many Americans lived, worked, and consumed things. The causes of the Second Great Awakening included the social disruptions of the Market Revolution, the democratization of American culture, and a sincere belief among many religious leaders that American Christians were lapsing in their zeal for the faith. For many Americans, especially middle-class Northerners, this meant a shift to the individualism and the "perfectionism" of preachers like Charles Grandison Finney. As a result, church attendance increased during the first half of the nineteenth century. The Second Great Awakening began in 1800, t he movement spread through southern Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee. Baptists, Methodists, and Presbyterians. Perhaps equally important was his influence upon young men such as Barton W. Stone and William McGee. The British colonies were settled by many individuals who were looking for a place to worship their Christian religion free from persecution. Included in this was the abolition movement that had the hope of a nation where slavery was non existent. The American Revolution left more than just a legacy of government. 1) Increased church membership 2) Worked against social injustice 3) Temperance movement (anti-alcohol) OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. What was the Second Great Awakening?The Second Great Awakening was prompted by falling interest in religion when people were excited about the innovations of the Industrial Revolution and the rapid expansion of U.S. territories, particularly in the west. The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival during the early 19th century in the United States. Exuberant revivalist meetings ignited the interest in religion. The first camp meeting occurred in south-central Kentucky in June 1800. How did the Second Great Awakening affect the evolution of women's roles in society in 1815-1860? This lead to the practice of the same religion but it caused for the church to become boring. The Methodist Church used circuit ridersto reach people in frontier locations. In England marked then end of religious revivals in the U.S. were convinced to more actively their! First Great Awakening, as well as the reigning church of the Second Awakening... 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